InnoVent

THESE PAINTING ARE A PART OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT CREATED FOR InnoVent IN 2007 WITHIN FRANCE BY MR. ZIGLER AND MISS GIFFORD.

5.0 RECCOMENDATIONS 5.1 SUMMARY OF PREVENTATIVE MEASURES TO MINIMIZE COLLISION. LIGHTING. It appears that the sodium vapour lights at the substation attracted the migrants and was the main cause of the collisions, (Kingsley and Whittam 2005, 26). And therefore, wind farms should avoid the use of steady burning lights, such as sodium vapor lamps, on any structures, including substations. In addition, The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recommends that only flashing white lights should be used on towers at night, and that these should be the minimum number, have the minimum intensity, and have the minimum number of flashes per minute (i.e., longest duration between flashes) allowable. Solid red or flashing red lights should be avoided as they appear to attract nocturnal migrants more than white flashing lights (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2003). These lights also appear to disrupt night-migrating birds (causing circling or hovering behaviour) at a much higher rate than white flashing lights (Gauthreaux and Belser 1999, Gauthreaux 2000, Kingsley and Whittam 2005, 25).
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2007. 8"-11". ink and watercolor on paper sewn to cardboard.
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